-反身代词常考短语「热门考点反身代词及短语集锦」

反身代词常考短语「热门考点反身代词及短语集锦」

for oneself 为自己;独自

One shouldn’t live for himself alone.

You must find it out for yourself.

to oneself 独自享用

When he eats in a restaurant, he likes a table to himself.

of oneself 自动地

The door opened of itself.

dress oneself 自己穿衣

The children dressed themselves up as angels to attend the ceremony.

孩子们把自己打扮成天使去参加典礼。

come to oneself恢复知觉

After three hours in the hospital bed, he began to come to himself.躺在医院床上三个小时后,他开始苏醒过来。

hide oneself把自己藏起来

To leave quickly and secretly and hide oneself, often to avoid arrest or prosecution.

秘密而迅速地离开且隐藏自己,常为躲避逮捕或迫害。

teach oneself 自学

Training attentively students\’ ability to analyse, solve problems and teach oneself;

注重培养学生分析、解决问题的能力和自学能力

He teaches himself playing basketball.他自学打篮球。

lose oneself 迷路,沉浸于

He lost himself in reading.他沉浸于阅读中。

talk to oneself 自言自语

She couldn\’t sleep at night and often talked to himself.

她晚上睡不着,经常自言自语。

excuse oneself 自我辩解

To excuse oneself before there is occasion is to accuse oneself.

在有必要辩解之前就为自己辩解,其实就是在控告自己。

He excused himself from the party.他要求不参加这次聚会。

be not oneself身体不舒服

在be, feel, look, seem等系动词后作表语,表示身体或精神状态处于正常。如:

I don’t know what’s the matter with me. I’m not myself today. 我不知道怎么啦。今天我感觉不舒服。

express oneself 清楚表达自己的意思

He is still unable to express himself in English.

for oneself 替自己,为自己

in oneself本身

between ourselves 私下说的话(不可告诉别人)

Just between ourselves, I don’t think much of him.

among themselves他们之间

to oneself供自己使用

by oneself 独自地, 单独地

He caught the robber by himself. 他单凭自己抓住了抢劫者。I can\’t do such a thing by myself. 我自己干不了这样一件事。

by itself 自然地

The machine will start by itself in a few seconds.

between ourselves 私下说说Between ourselves, that young man\’s hair is much too long. 就咱俩之间说说,那小伙子的头发实在是太长了。This is just between ourselves. 这只是咱俩私下的悄悄话。

devote oneself to 致力于…,专注于…He decided to devote himself to gardening after his retirement. 他决定退休后专心于园艺。

I am determined to devote myself to the cause of education.

enjoy oneself 玩得开心,过得快乐I hope you will enjoy yourself here. 我希望你在这里玩得开心。Bars are places where people gather to drink and enjoy themselves. 酒吧是人们相聚饮酒享乐的地方。

in oneself 本身,自身Poverty in itself does not make men into a rabble. 贫困本身并不能使人成为贱民。These little things aren\’t important in themselves. 这些小事情本身并不重要。

help oneself (to sth) 自便,自取Help yourself! (请随便吃吧!) Make yourself at home! (别客气!) Don’t upset yourself! (别自寻烦恼!) 另外,也还用于一些固定说法,如make yourself heard / understood (使你的话被人听得见 / 理解)

Please help yourself! 请随便吃吧!Please help yourself to some fish. 请随便吃些鱼。They help themselves to several cans of fruits and vegetables, the price being marked on each can. 她们自己取下几个水果和蔬菜罐头,每个罐头上都标着价钱。

give oneself up 自首,投案,投降He decided to give himself up to the police. 他决定向警方自首。

lose oneself (in) 沉迷于, 专注于; 迷路He lost himself in thought. 他陷入沉思之中。They lost themselves in the forest. 他们迷失在丛林里。

throw oneself into 投身于, 积极从事They threw themselves into the new project 他们积极参与到新项目中。

abandon oneself to 陷入, 沉湎于(某种情感)He abandoned himself to this sort of pleasures. 他沉溺于这类娱乐之中。

avail oneself of 利用(机会等)He availed himself of every opportunity to talk to Andy. 你利用一切机会和安迪搭上话。.

assert oneself 坚持自己的主张, 表现坚定A leader must assert himself sometimes in order to be followed. 领导有时应该表现出自己的权威,好让别人照你说的去做。

You’d better go and see him yourself. 你最好亲自去看看他。

You should learn to take care of yourself. 你应该学会自己照顾自己。

中学英语中出现的反身代词用法归纳如下:

1. 用以加强语气,表示亲自。

If one wants knowledge of a skill, one must take part in it oneself.

He went there himself the day before yesterday.

2. 与典型介词搭配,构成固定短语,表达特定含义。

1) (all) by oneself 单独地

When I was young, I had to make a living all by myself.

Would you go there by yourself?

2) to oneself 独自享用

When he eats in a restaurant, he likes a table to himself.

3) for oneself 为自己;独自

One shouldn’t live for himself alone.

You must find it out for yourself.

4) of oneself 自动地

The door opened of itself.

5) between ourselves 私下里

Just between ourselves, I don’t think much of him.

6) in oneself 本身

The materials in themselves were not poisonous.

7) beside oneself 喜怒时发狂

She was beside herself with joy.

8) by itself 自然地

The machine will start by itself in a few seconds.

3. 与典型动词搭配,构成固定短语。

1) be not oneself 身体不好

I’m not quite myself today.(I’m unwell.)

2) enjoy oneself 玩得很痛快

3) help oneself to sth. 随便吃

Please help yourself to some fish.

4) teach oneself sth.自学

When he was young, he taught himself advanced mathematics.

5) accustom oneself to 习惯于

He quickly accustomed himself to this new way of life.

6) devote oneself to 致力于

I am determined to devote myself to the cause of education.

7) adapt oneself to 适应

She quickly adapted herself to the new climate.

8) adjust oneself to 调整;适应

The body quickly adjusts itself to changes in temperature.

9) behave oneself 举止得体

Please behave yourselves.

10) dress oneself 穿衣服

He is too young to dress himself.

11) seat oneself 就坐

He seated himself in the chair and began to read the novel.

12) make oneself heard / understood / seen / known / believed 让自己被(别人)听见/听懂/看见/认识/相信

He raised his voice to make himself heard by all.

13) find oneself 无意识中发现自己

At last, we found ourselves in a pleasant park with trees providing shade and sat down to eat our picnic lunch.

14) express oneself 清楚表达自己的意思

He is still unable to express himself in English.

15) talk to oneself 自言自语

16) come to oneself 苏醒

打篮球英语单词怎么写

打篮球的英文表达:play basketball 

读音:英 [ple bɑsktbl]      美 [ple bsktbl ]    

play后接表示球类或牌等名词时,其前不加冠词the; 而接乐器时则必须加冠词the,在美式英语中the有时也可以省略。当play用于一般现在时时,宾语前不加冠词,表示经常或定期进行某项娱乐或活动。

例句:

1、We will not play basketball tomorrow.

我们明天不打篮球。

2、Do you like playing basketball?

你喜欢打篮球吗?

扩展资料:

相近词义单词

1、football 

读音:英 [ftbl]  美兄租冲 [ftbl]    

n. <英>足球;<美>橄榄球

例句:Several boys were still playing football on the waste ground. 

几个男孩还在那片废弃的空地上踢足球。

2、hockey

读音:英 [hki]   美 [hɑ:ki]  

n.曲棍球;冰球

例句:She played hockey for the national side. 

她在国家队打曲棍球。

3、rugby 

读音:英 [rɡb]  美 [rɡb]    

n. 橄榄球

例句:Rugby is another popular winter sport.

橄榄球是另一项流行的冬季运动。

4、tennis  

读音:英 [tens]   美 [tens]    

n. 网球

例句:I羡歼型轮m just a rabbit at tennis.

我网球打得很差劲。

打篮球用英文怎么说?

1、go to play basketball

2、今天天气不错,我们去打篮球吧用英语怎么说 :What a beautiful day,lets go to playing basketball.

3、去打篮球,你去不去:Go out and play basketball, you have to go or not to go to.

扩展资料:

作为及物动词的其他用法:

1、扮演(角色);上演(戏剧);排练戏剧

例句:She was just playing the devoted mother.

她只是在装成一位负责的母亲。

2、演奏;放(唱片等)

例句:Nina had been playing the piano.

尼娜一直在弹钢琴。

3、开(玩笑);玩弄

例句:I dont play a trick on innocent people. 

我不作弄天真老实的人。

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